tego samego autora (Samolubny gen, Fenotyp rozszerzony i Ślepy zegarmistrz ). Dawkins zaczyna książkę od z pozoru zaskakującego, ale prawdziwego. The Selfish Gene is a book on evolution by Richard Dawkins, in which the author builds upon the principal theory of George C. Williams’s Adaptation and. geny = naśladownictwo(replikacja). naśladownictwo = teoria memów. Dziękujemy za uwage!!! Richard Dawkins.,,Samolubny Gen,,. Mutacja.
|Published (Last):||26 December 2004|
|PDF File Size:||14.22 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||10.4 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Thompson follows with a detailed dakwins of the concept of DNA as a look-up-table and the role of the cell in orchestrating the DNA-to-RNA transcriptionindicating that by anyone’s account the DNA is hardly the whole story. The book also coins the term meme for a unit of human cultural evolution analogous to the gene, suggesting that such “selfish” replication may also model human culture, in a different sense.
But this action might not be a conflict of the ‘self-interest’ of the organism with his or her genes, since a person using birth control might also be enhancing the survival chances of their genes by limiting family size to conform with available resources, thus avoiding extinction as predicted under the Malthusian model of population growth.
The claim still is made by some that it would take only a single individual with a tendency towards more selfish behaviour to undermine a population otherwise filled only samolubjy the gene for altruism towards non-kin.
Looking for beautiful books? Prior to the s, it was common for altruism to egn explained in terms of group selectionwhere the benefits to the organism or even population were supposed to account for the popularity of the genes responsible for the tendency towards that behaviour.
Other authors say Dawkins has failed to make some critical distinctions, in particular, the difference between group selection for group advantage and group selection conveying individual advantage. We’re featuring millions of their reader ratings on our book pages to help you find your new favourite book.
Dawkins’ major concluding theme, that humanity is finally gaining power over the “selfish replicators” by virtue of their intelligence, is criticized also by primatologist Frans de Waalwho refers to it as an example of a ” veneer theory ” the idea that morality is not fundamental, but is laid over a brutal foundation. Another criticism of the book is its treatment of morality, and more particularly altruism, as existing only as a form of selfishness:.
Moreover, genetic rearrangement occurs An example of this might be a gene that protects the organism against a disease.
Editions of The Selfish Gene by Richard Dawkins
The view of The Selfish Gene is that selection based upon groups and populations is rare compared to selection on individuals.
Dawkins noted that he had been “flattered by the comparison, [but] knew that Ayer had recanted much of his first book and [he] could hardly miss Cain’s pointed implication that [he] should, in the fullness of time, do the same. The Modern Denial of Human Nature.
In describing genes as being “selfish”, Dawkins states unequivocally that he does not intend to imply that they are driven by any motives or willbut merely that their effects ddawkins be metaphorically and pedagogically described as if they were.
However, from a comparison with Dawkins’ discussion of this very same point, it would seem both Gould’s and Dover’s comments are more a critique of his sloppy usage than a difference of views.
A lineage is expected to evolve to maximise its inclusive fitness —the number of copies of its genes passed on globally rather than by a particular individual.
To describe the gene as a program sending instructions to cells belittles the complexity of the gene Contemporary Scientific Psychology Reprint of ed. This edition added two extra chapters, and substantial endnotes to the preceding chapters, reflecting new findings and thoughts. From the gene-centred view, it follows that the more two individuals are genetically related, the more sense at the level of the genes it makes for them to behave selflessly with each other.
Samolubny gen : Richard Dawkins :
Peter Higgs Poszukiwania boskiej czastki Ian Sample. Dawkins examines childbearing and raising children as evolutionary strategies.
We will call it the Replicator. He then introduces the idea of the evolutionarily stable strategyand uses it to explain why alternative competitive strategies like bullying and retaliating exist.