Problemas del realismo – Georg Lukács El asalto a la razón. La trayectoria del irracionalismo desde Schelling hasta Hitler – Georg Lukács. by Lu ka qi; Georg Lukacs.; Wang jiu xing.;. Print book. Chinese El asalto a la razón: la trayectoria del irracionalismo by György Lukács · El asalto a la razón . (). Introduccion General a la Historia de Derecho. Barcelona, Gedisa. LESSIG , , , , , LUKACS, Georg. (). El asalto a la razon.
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Here too we must refrain from taking tone and style as our criterion, or else we could easily say with Baeumler: To answer with all severity: Here, and particularly with regard to personal conduct and morality, they perceived auguries of a possible social recovery and, in connection with it — naturally this thought was uppermost — of their own recovery.
Socially and hence ethically, his mythos was quite unequivocal. It is a general phenomenon in ideological history that thinkers who can observe a social development only in embryo, but who can already perceive the new element in it and who — especially in the moral area — are striving for an intellectual grasp of it prefer the essayistic, aphoristic forms. Such a desire rendered the struggles of the burgeoning new class, the proletariat, extremely attractive for most of these intellectuals.
The third thesis includes nothing that is especially new for us.
Die Zerstörung der Vernunft der Weg des Irrationalismus von Schelling Zu Hitler
I have demonstrated the kinship of these contrasting qualities in other contexts in the oeuvre of Rilke, who practised a far greater refinement still. He contested socialism wherever he thought he could confront it in the flesh: But for such people, Nietzsche is only a transitional stage on the way to socialism.
He witnessed the founding of the German Reich, the hopes that were pinned to it and their disappointment, the fall of Bismarck, and the inauguration by Wilhelm II of an overtly aggressive imperialism. When, therefore, Nietzsche takes his stand as an atheist, the truth is that he is out to destroy socialism. In drafts for a sequel to Zarathustra he set out perhaps the most revealing programme for the lukasc.
In Wagner, and with increasing acuteness, Nietzsche challenged lkkacs art of his own German period in the name of the imperialist future. And as the class struggle intensified and one illusion crumbled after another, it expanded into an intellectual anticipation of the imperialist phase in capitalist evolution. In both cases, Darwinism was only a mythologized pretext for the ideological war against the proletariat. The chief manifestations of decadence he perceived quite correctly: Only then is the innocence of Becoming restored Stylistically, Nietzsche had a great liking for most of these authors.
Nevertheless we do not believe that this observation contradicts the view we developed at the outset, the view that Nietzsche had a consistent system. In beorg nineteenth century this relative justification, and the subjectively sincere pathos in which it found expression, both ceased to exist.
Here again Nietzsche gave an unequivocally clear reply: Find it on Scholar.
This idealism, along with the agnosticism to which it was inseparably linked, enabled the bourgeois ideologist to take gdorg the progress of science, and first and foremost the natural sciences, all that served capitalist interests, while at the same time avoiding taking a stand with regard to the altered world-picture. In contrast to contemporary neo-Kantianism and Positivism, whose basic approach was a specific objectivism, an avowedly solely scientific luukacs from any explicit attitude and relation ship to praxis, Nietzsche vigorously shifted the connection between theory and praxis to the centre of his whole epistemology.
And in those years, the proletarian revolution was already clearly delineated in the Paris Commune. During the rise of irrationalism, epistemological questions played a decisive role in philosophy. Here we see that he anticipated in his thinking not only imperialism, but also fascism to boot. These same views influenced the German image of Ancient Greece in the period from Winckelmann to Hegel. German Philosophy and Politics. The assumption is correct inasmuch as many motives of Romantic anti-capitalism — e.
It must deliberately restrain itself from reverting to one of its old forms, and must have not only the intention but also the means of preserving itself from all repetition This alone enabled him to comprehend and define prevailing tendencies because, lacking any understanding of capitalist economics, he was solely capable of observing, describing and expressing the symptoms of the superstructure.
The Destruction of Reason by Georg Lukacs
In Ecce homo he reached his conclusion: This tendency, already present in The Birth of Tragedygrew more pronounced in the second Untimely Consideration.
When bourgeois society was a rising force, reactionary philosophy had defended feudal absolutism and subsequently the feudal remnants, the restoration.
That is the most extreme gazon of nihilism. But since their polemics against Hegelian dialectics were only a conflict of orientation within bourgeois philosophy, they could content themselves with narrowing and distorting dialectics in a reactionary irrationalist spirit. But this called for a liberation of the instincts before all else.
However, and this is the second point to be stressed, unlike the neo-Kantians or Positivists, etc. All decadent attributes were to be converted into tools for a militant advocacy of capitalism, and the decadents them selves into activists supporting the — both ell and inwardly — aggressive and barbaric imperialist cause. On the one hand, we read in his Zarathustra notes: For that reason it could only be a myth, something subjectively contrived with pretentions to an epistemologically unarguable objectivity, an objectivity resting solely on an extremely subjectivist foundation, on intuition and the like, lujacs so never more than a feigned objectivity.